1. Breast Cancer
20 per cent of the time, breast cancer is detected via physical examination as opposed to a mammography screening. However, a mammography screening can detect cancer at very early stages before any symptoms even appear. Breast cancer can be a hereditary disease, but might also result from lifestyle factors such as obesity, alcohol excess, inactivity and its symptoms include a lump felt in the breast, a discharge of fluid from the nipple, changes to the colour or texture of the skin over the breast or scaling around the nipple. Even so many small cancers are not felt or seen and can be picked up by mammography screening.
Checkup period: It is recommended that you have a breast cancer examination every 2 to 3 years in your 20s and once every year in your 40s to ensure you’re always ahead of the curve.
2. Blood Pressure
High blood pressure is caused by many factors including obesity, smoking, eating too much salt and consuming alcohol. High blood pressure just increases the risk of general health problems. The higher the blood pressure, the higher the strain on arteries and the heart, resulting in artery damage overtime, causing health issues including heart attacks and failure, strokes, and kidney disease.
To avoid high blood pressure, try to stay away from added salt, a high carb diet, and high salt foods, and smoking; eat plenty of fruit and vegetables and engage in more cardio exercise.
Checkup period: Once a year at least to test your blood pressure and get an understanding of what you should do more or less of to maintain a balanced blood pressure.
Insulin is a crucial hormone secreted by our bodies that converts glucose into energy. To ensure you have high energy levels, as well as avoid nerve, eye, and kidney damage. Identifying your risk of developing diabetes can allow you to take up a positive lifestyle to reduce that risk, including maintaining a healthy weight, following a regular exercise schedule, and moderating the sugary food intake are all recommended preventive methods to follow.
Checkup period: Once a year blood test is recommended. This is a must if there is a history of Type 2 Diabetes running in the family. Otherwise, you can initiate your annual Diabetes blood testing at the age of 50.
4. Heart Disease
Keeping an eye on lipid (fat) levels may keep the cardiac risk away. A balanced level of fats and cholesterol in the body is crucial to protect against heart disease. However, having high levels of LDL-Cholesterol, VLDL Cholesterol and triglycerides, as well as low levels of HDL-Cholesterol may have the opposite effect. Having too much cholesterol in the body, builds up in the walls of the arteries, making them narrower, hence slowing down or blocking blood flow to the heart.
Checkup period: Make sure you do a lipid profile as well as a cardiac risk assessment once a year. Similarly, a cardiac risk assessment that is recommended every 3-5 years,
( Source : Gulf News – Yousra Zaki, Guides Deputy Editor )